Housing methods and sustainability strategies in attention with nanotechnology effects in architectural planning

Document Type : Research Paper


Adaptability to a dwelling space depends on two main groups of variables: physical
attributes of a space and family status. This article intends to focus on human and architectural aspects
of housing projects. It evaluates selected case studies according to economic and flexibility parameters.
The housing needs and requirements of a family may change gradually according to the family structure.
Users get adapted to their living place by having a chance of changing the physical characteristics of
their environments to create more adaptable spaces. Flexibility, as a quality characteristic of a space,
and economy are two factors effective in achieving an adaptable environment. This study presents the
results of a comparative analysis of three types of residential projects by evaluating 10 housing units of
each, which have different plan organizations and physical characteristics. Factors of families’ structure
and spatial organization of the housing units in terms of size and physical characteristics of dwelling
spaces have been evaluated. Comparisons have been made to find out the level of changes made to the
plan types in regard to the level of spatial flexibility of the projects. The users’ expectations, their family
status and structure have also been evaluated through face-to-face interviews. This study is based on
the data of a comprehensive post-occupancy evaluation of 5- to 20-year-old housing settlements in 3
different neighborhoods in Tabriz, Iran.